16 may 2023

Water safety rules

The main causes of water incidents are swimming in a state of alcoholic intoxication and in places unequipped for leisure purposes, disregard for the basic safety rules, inability to provide first aid

If you do not want to fall victim to water, first of all, you should refrain from bathing in places not intended for leisure purposes. Areas allowed for swimming are usually enclosed by ropes with buoys. But even when you are within them, you should not bathe alone or while intoxicated, or far from the shore, if you have any chronic diseases. In addition, in no case do not leave children unattended near the water.

What is forbidden

  • swimming in places where there are warning and prohibitory signs;
  • swimming in places unknown to you or unequipped for leasure purposes;
  • swimming while intoxicated; 
  • swimming on boards, logs, deck chairs, car cameras, air mattresses;
  • swimming beyond areas enclosed by ropes with buoys;
  • swimming up to motor or sailing vessels, rowing boats and other watercraft;
  • jumping into the water from cutters, boats, moorings and other constructions unequipped for entertainment purposes;
  • playing ball or other sports in places unequipped for gaming purposes;
  • pranking in the water by giving false alarms, imitating sinking or capturing swimmers;
  • leaving garbage on the shore, in wardrobes or locker rooms;
  • polluting water bodies;
  • bringing dogs or other animals with you.

How to act in an emergency situation

  1. swim up to the drowning person from behind; if this is impossible, dive under them by grabbing their right leg below the knee with your left hand, and then turn them back by strongly pushing them in the left knee with your right palm;
  2. pass your hand under the right armpit of the drowning person, firmly grab their arm and shoulder, and then float with them to the surface;
  3. bring the drowning person to a safe place.

How to swim with a rescued person

The first way:

  1. grab the chin and lower jaw of the rescued person with both hands;
  2. swim on your back, doing the breaststroke with your legs.

The second way

  1. put your hand behind the nearest arm of the rescued person;
  2. grab their jaw;
  3. do the breaststroke or swim on your side, using your free arm or legs.

The third way (used in case if a rescued person resists):

  1. put your hand behind the hands of the rescued person;
  2. grab their far arm above the elbow;
  3. do the breaststroke or swim on your side, using your free arm or legs.

How to provide first aid

Put the rescued person face down on your knee and press on their back to remove the water from their lungs and stomach. If they have a large body weight, simply leave them lying on the ground. Check their breathing. In case of its absence, carry out the activities detailed below.

  1. lay the rescued person down on a hard, flat surface;
  2. clean their mouth with a finger wrapped in a handkerchief;
  3. tilt their head as far as possible, move their lower jaw forward and pinch their nose;
  4. take a deep breath and exhale the air through a handkerchief or other tissue into their mouth.

In case of the absence of a heartbeat, artificial respiration is combined with an external continuous heart massage. Compressions are made with straightened arms put one on top of the other, 4-5 times after each rescue breath. The recommended compression speed is of at least 100 compressions per minute . Its depth in adults and children is of 5 centimeters. 

Other pages about safety